Black dog forest grove

Black dog forest grove

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Black dog forest grove

The black dog forest grove is a geological formation in the northern San Joaquin Valley of central California in the United States. It is the top-most exposed part of the valley alluvial pln, and is well known for its extensive deposits of native soils and its unusually rich and diverse plant communities. The grove is composed primarily of valley floor sedimentary rocks and sandstone, with minor amounts of alluvium. The soil deposits contn many native plants, especially grasses, wildflowers and other forbs.


The grove is located near the western base of the Sierra Nevada Range, in the northern San Joaquin Valley, north of Sacramento and south of Reno, Nevada. It is situated in the northern portion of the Sacramento Valley, immediately north of the American River. The Sacramento River flows south along the valley floor and empties into the San Francisco Bay.

The valley was formed by the action of the San Joaquin River, and is known as the Sacramento Valley. The valley floor itself is about below the surrounding mountns. It is underln by igneous and metamorphic rocks, and contns numerous faults and fold patterns. Numerous alluvial fan deposits lie in the valley bottom. The grove lies at the highest point of the alluvial pln.


In the 1850s, gold was discovered near the site, and many mining towns were founded there. The first permanent settlement was at Sutter Creek, away, and the first post office at Arata. This settlement eventually merged into the present city of Aratashvillage. The discovery of gold in the area attracted miners who came from as far away as New Mexico, Colorado and Texas, along with more local prospectors. During the California Gold Rush, many new towns and encampments sprang up near the Sacramento River, and were abandoned within a few years. Many were settled by pioneers from Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York.


Located north of the city of Marysville, the grove is a federally designated historic landmark. The grove is now owned by the Arata Land Company. In the mid-1920s, the grove was planted with over 20,000 white pines. It has the largest collection of white pines in the Sacramento Valley. In 1982, the grove was selected as a California State Natural Reserve by the California State Park system.

See also

List of California State Natural Reserves


External links

California State Natural Reserve System

Arata Land Company

Category:California State Natural Reserves

Category:Geography of Yolo County, California

Category:Natural history of Yolo County, California

Category:Sacramento Valley

Category:Protected areas of Yolo County, California

Category:History of Yolo County, California

Category:Nature reserves in California

Category:Protected areas established in 1924

Category:1924 establishments in California

Category:History of California

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